Today, the use of chemicals to chemical peel is not too strange. The immediate benefit of this procedure is that many women seek beauty salon services, while others seek chemicals that have a mild peeling effect to operate at home. Let Cafeup.net learn about chemical peeling and skin light on how to use the safest.
What is a chemical peel?
This is a method of smoothing the skin through chemicals capable of separating the top layer of dead skin cells. The chemical solution will create a controlled lesion on the skin surface. Through this, the skin will be stimulated to heal itself and regenerate. Initially, the dead cells will create a protective layer, and the skin will feel rough and dry. Then, this lumpy skin will flake off and reveal new, smoother skin. The wrinkles on the face will look dimmer. Besides, age spots or dark spots caused by acne will be darker than before. If you have keloid scars, they will also improve after using the right facial chemical.
Although some facial peeling chemicals can be used at home, solutions that work to fade scars and wrinkles should be used where professional skincare is available. Below are the most commonly used chemical peels and lotions.
A mild solution of chemical peels on the face at home
Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA)
Alpha hydroxy acids are naturally occurring carboxylic acids like glycolic acid (found in sugar cane), lactic acid (in milk), malic acid (in apples), citric acid (in citrus fruits) and tartaric acid ( in grape wine). AHA in cosmetics is often derived from bacteria or fungi. For AHA to work, these chemicals must penetrate the skin and interact with living cells. Because of this, glycolic, with the smallest molecular size advantage of AHAs, has the best ability to penetrate the skin and is the most famous AHA for home scrubs.
Another advantage of AHA is its extremely light exfoliating effect. Therefore, this substance is often used to reduce wrinkles, handle hard parts, uneven skin, and acne. In addition to being included in the formula for serum and lotion, AHA is also present in cleansers in low concentrations. The combination of AHA-based cleanser-serum-lotions is the effective daily skin lightening method that some cosmetic brands recommend.
Because the effect of AHA is quite mild on the skin, it is not recommended to treat wrinkles on the face thoroughly. For AHA solutions used at home, the pH is often raised, and the AHA concentration is also reduced to ensure user safety. When applying AHA, initially, users have a slight stinging sensation. The skin may also temporarily turn red. For those with sensitive skin, the level of dryness and discomfort can last for several days. However, because AHA is a weak acid, and the concentration of AHA in home-use products is quite low, the damage to the skin of these products is almost nonexistent.
Beta hydroxy acid (BHA)
Unlike AHA as a chemical group, BHA contains only one chemical called salicylic acid. This is a component with excellent antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, in addition to being used as a mild peeling chemical for the face, BHA is also a familiar ingredient in many acne creams. An advantage of BHA over AHA is its solubility in oils. Besides, with better skin penetration than AHA, BHA can remove dead cells much more effectively. With proper alkalinity, salicylic acid is the right choice for those who want to improve oily skin and acne as well as experience a slight exfoliation.
Because both have a soothing effect on the skin, some cosmetic brands have combined AHA and BHA to create exfoliating solutions. Although each type of ingredient is a weak organic acid, the combination of these two hydroxy acids has a synergistic effect and creates a very useful chemical peel ability. Similar to AHA, solutions containing BHA as well as a mixture of AHA-BHA to gently exfoliate skin at low concentrations can be used at home. The impact on the skin of BHA is similar to the AHA, and we do not take too much time to recover after using these products.
Chemical solution for professional light-skinned skin
Unlike AHA and BHA, which are inherently weak organic acids that are not too deep on the surface of the skin, the chemicals used to exfoliate facial skin are used by spas or dermatologists gently penetrates deeply and can interact more strongly with living skin cells. Therefore, these solutions need to be used by professionals to avoid the unfortunate risks of beauty. The following are some of the face peeling chemicals commonly used at dermatological spas or clinics:
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
This is a medium-sized chemical peeling skin because it can cause discomfort to the user. To minimize this discomfort, you may need to take a small dose of a sedative such as a diazepam or analgesic before TCA peel is applied to the skin.
The effect of this substance on the skin is quite strong. If you do not want to remove the tattoo with a laser, treatment with TCA is another option for getting rid of tattoos. When used, many people will have a burning sensation, and the dead skin will flake off for a longer time than when using AHABHA. To exert the full effect of TCA peel, the face peeling with this chemical must be repeated many times.
Retinoic acid is a chemical related to retinol, a common anti-aging ingredient. With retinoic acid peel, a light exfoliation must be done by a specialist, as this is an intensive face peeling process. This chemical can remove scars, wrinkles as well as age spots on the skin. Before using retinoic acid for a mild peeling, we would typically go through the Jessner process – a solution consisting of salicylic acid, resorcinol, lactic acid in a 95% ethanol solution. Jessner solution helps retinoic acid solution penetrate deeper into the skin, so retinoic acid has a better skin peeling effect when combined in this way.
After retinoic acid is applied to your face, you will take it easy. The facelift will start 3 days later. Similar to TCA peel, if you want obvious results, you should perform this process multiple times. Both TCA peel and retinoic acid peel have the effect of reducing pigmentation very effectively if pursued long term.
The chemical used for this skin type is derived from the oil of the gentian or pea plant. Originating in Hollywood in the 1920s, this process is also known as phenol peel. After becoming famous, people realized that the ingredient that makes up this deep skin peeling is soybean oil rather than phenol chemicals. The composition of soybean oil has a powerfully corrosive effect on the skin, so this chemical must be used in the doctor’s office. Historically, when using phenol peel, the ladies had to suffer from anesthesia shooting because this substance causes extreme skin pain! Today, inappropriate dosages, phenol peel can be used in the clinic after the patient is given pain medication.
Safely remove facial skin
When you peel your face with chemicals that cause skin corrosion stronger, the higher the risk. The most significant risk is skin damage and scarring. The skin is designed with the dead skin layer used as a shield when the chemical separates this cell layer and the lower skin layer is too young to resist the effects of the environment, Skin damage is a matter of course. Another risk is pH imbalance. When using a light exfoliating solution at home with unknown origin, after a long time, the skin’s pH will be unbalanced, creating a favorable environment for harmful bacteria to multiply and cause Acne Exfoliating the skin too often is a must because it can disturb the pH.
Also, when skinning at a clinic, the skin may turn yellow if the solution used contains retinol or retinoid. The yellow skin color will remain within 2-3 hours. Skin redness is evident when facial skin peeling. Depending on the depth of the penetration of the chemical, this red color will remain on your skin long or long. To get beautiful skin after light peeling, sun protection is essential. You should also avoid the sun for about 3 days after peeling. Moisturizing and sunscreen protection are two essential things to protect and maintain the skin after the chemical peel. If you regularly do these two things, you will not only keep beautiful skin for the present but also help your skin stay healthy for long.